Medications used in treating nerve pain include a wide variety of families with:
Opioids (also called “narcotics”)
The analgesics include numerous medications. It is fair to say that the very abundance of pharmaceutical interventions indicates that there is no uniformly effective medication treatment for pain.
As a result, selecting proper painkillers is difficult because different root causes and types of pain have a higher response rate to different medications and combinations of medications.
A major category of interest to those of us seeking pain relief is the non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDS) including aspirin, ibuprofen and also medications containing acetaminophen.
Analgesics can be classified into three categories according to availability:
The first level includes aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and other NSAIDs. These are widely used as over the counter (OTC) preparations.
The second level includes mild opioids such as codeine or oxycodone.
The third level includes morphine and other morphine-related opioids.
The last two levels are subject to strict legal control to prevent misuse and redirection to the street level.
Marijuana is slowly being recognized and is said to bring good results for some users. The active ingredient of marijuana (THC) is available by prescription and must be obtained by a compounding pharmacy in your area. However smoking is hazardous; getting high is not recommended, but prudent use can be very effective and continues to be studied. Some healing agents found in marijuana are available by prescription under a non-traditional form, such as a spray.
Medication works either by interacting at the site of discomfort or by interacting with brain chemistry to reduce or neutralize the pain-producing substances of the brain and to replace them with comfort-producing substances. Medication can also stimulate the parts of the brain responsible for pleasure, allowing the body to relax. Opioids decrease pain by latching onto specific receptors on the outside of cells in the brain and elsewhere.